In the 20th century, the medical sector started making advancements in family planning and soon it was listed under the top 10 greatest health achievements, along with the safety of motor vehicles, vaccinations etc.
Family planning services programs allow people to control their family size. These significant services can lead to considerable improvements in the economic and social well-being of people.
The Purpose of Family Planning Services
Any person can clearly see how state-funded family planning services programs benefit families, societies, and communities. Following are the two main purposes of the family planning services.
Avoiding Unintentional Pregnancy
Maternal morbidity and mortality are greatly reduced through family planning services because now it is possible to prevent high-risk and unintended pregnancies. Usually, there is an increased morbidity risk for the mother and the infant attached with an unintentional pregnancy. The situation becomes even more critical if other drastic health behaviors of parents are also linked with it, such as tobacco use, alcohol consumption, insufficient parental care etc.
The medical studies also establish that any child who is unwantedly conceived might be under-weight at birth and prone to abuse, scarcity of resources to ensure healthy development, or even death in the first year. In this situation, the mother might also be increasingly prone to physical abuse, depression, and the termination of her relationship with the father.
An unintentional pregnancy can also make the father and mother economically suffer and hinder them from achieving their career or educational goals. Undoubtedly, such consequences cannot lead towards the establishment of a successful and loving family, which is an essential requirement for the healthy development of a child.
The primary purpose of the family planning services is to provide the couples (especially mothers) the power of planning the space and time of their children. This practice of family planning put less financial, physical, and emotional strain on the families and they have more energy, time, and economic opportunities for family and personal development. As a result, the community resources will also be less strained due to successful family planning outcomes, such as health care structures and social services.
Preventing STDs and Decreasing Infertility
Other than preventing unintentional pregnancies, another significant purpose of the family planning services programs is to limit the spread of STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) and to address the other problems linked with it. These state-funded programs aim to decrease the infertility rate, which is a subsequent outcome of STDs. Some of the common STDs are AIDS/HIV, Gonorrhoea, Syphilis, and Chlamydia.
The family planning services programs also incorporate improved screening facilities for diagnosing and treating STDs and infertility that are linked with it. These services prove to be a necessary component of reproductive health care.
This purpose of family planning services proves to be of great need, keeping in mind the current generation and its deteriorating health and harmful sexual choices. The prevalence of HIV is reportedly higher in men regardless of the ethnicity or race. Keeping in mind the target audience, the state is funding medical corporations and other health organizations to devise even better and improved services.
The Evolution of Family Planning Services
In the United States, the overall society and health care system has dramatically changed with time. It has not only increased the complexity but the cost of delivering family planning services as well. Now there are far more people who deserve family planning services funded by the state, as compared to 10 or 20 years before. Different social changes, such as social standards and values regarding reproductive and sexual health services, have influenced the demand for and delivery of family planning services.
Thanks to the technological advancements, the quality and number of contraceptive choices available to females have also increased greatly, leading to quickly changing values of healthcare and elevated costs.
There has been a considerable increase in the number of contraceptive options available to both males and females. The primary methods used for contraception were birth control pills, sterilization, and male condoms. However, the latest technology has invented safer and effective contraceptive options, including improved IUDs and oral contraceptive, contraceptive patch, contraceptive ring, and injectable contraceptives.